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转贴:Friends 第一季英文学习整理:101

技术2022-05-11  1

NO.1 The One Where Monica Gets a New Roommate第一集是试播(Pilot),主要情节如下,瑞秋在教堂抛弃未婚夫巴利、逃婚到莫妮卡处。莫妮卡和调酒师(WineGuy)保罗约会,此君伪装成离婚后一蹶不振的苦命人,靠博取同情来骗女人上床。罗斯婚姻失败,因为他的老婆被证实居然是同性恋,所以情绪低落。乔伊安慰他说,女性的种类与Ice Cream 一样多,离婚未尝不是好事。大家一同看西班牙肥皂剧并信口瞎猜剧情。罗斯自高中起即爱慕瑞秋,此刻死灰复燃,提议和她约会,瑞秋答应了。这一集绝对是整个Friedns 的基石,所谓pilot 就是如果播的不好,立马cancel 的那种,所以无论剧情语言还有表演都非常精彩,这一集里面六个人都露面了,我立马就喜欢上了一脸坏笑的"幼兽"Joey(嘿嘿,一看就是我这种类型嘛),憨憨厚厚的Ross, 未经世事的Rach, 直爽坦白的"商贩"Chandler,成熟而又略带神经质的Monica,以及童趣无邪的Phoebe….以下是我觉得有意思的一些词句,一一讲解。1. Chandler :So does he have a hump? A hump and a hairpiece?这是Chandler 挖苦Paul 的话,意思是:他有驼背么?有假发的驼子?2. Ross: I just feel like someone reached down my throat, grabbed my small intestine, pulled it out of mymouth and tied it around my neck..这段话是不是很熟悉呀?对,《大话西游》里面一开始孙猴子发狠就是这样子讲的哦,不知道是谁抄袭谁,意思不用我解释了吧,这里Ross 用来形容妻子Carol 是Lesbian 并同他离婚后的心情。3. Ross:Why does everyone keep fixating on that?这句话很实用,意思是为什么你们总是提起那件事呢?因为Joey 又提到了Ross 妻子Carol 是lesbian 的事儿,Ross 非常恼火,于是冒出这样一句,我们平常生活中也可以用一下。Remember:fixate on sth.4. Joey: Strip joint! C'mon, you're single! Have some hormones! "Strip joint"是脱衣舞场的意思,Joey意思是Ross 现在虽然很受伤,但是正好恢复单身,可以去脱衣舞场去, "have some hormones"直译就是你要有一些男性荷尔蒙呀,翻译过来就是你该去(脱衣舞场)找乐子去。5. Rachel: I realized that I was more turned on by this gravy boat than by Barry! And then I got reallyfreaked out, and that's when it hit me: how much Barry looks like Mr. Potato Head. 这句话里面有三个词组需要解释,第一个是turn on,也就是打开的意思,比如turn on the radio,这里是指让某人更兴奋激动的意思,想一想,平时在路上走,这时候有个sexy 美女路过,你就可以说:wow,the gal really turns me on.第二个是freak out,这个词组很重要,几乎在每集都能听到,频率高的吓人,看来口语中很实用,在论坛上我看到以下几种解释,觉得不错,a.have an extreme reaction to sth b.act abnormally (under the influenceof drugs) c.make sb feel extreme plaesure or unease,也就是表达焦躁害怕不安等情绪的意思。第三个词组是Gravy Boat,这是一个调味汁瓶酱油瓶,常常下面还垫着一个小碟子,非常精美的,所以Rach 才说它给她带来的兴奋比Barry 还大。6. Joey: You got screwed.这句话值得记住,意思是你受骗了。7. Paul: No, it's, it's more of a fifth date kinda revelation.这句语法结构不知道怎么分析,意思就是,这该是第五次约会时候才说的事儿。这一招要学会,我发现这个酒保的确很会泡妞。8. Ross: I assume we're looking for an answer more sophisticated than 'to get you into bed'.这里有一个词语需要强调一下,即sophisticated,在中文里面是世故的意思,其实在英文里面,这个单词是褒义词,说明人非常成熟有魅力。9. Monica: It sucks.这句话很常用,意思是"很残酷"。10. Ross: Okay. (They split it.) You know you probably didn't know this, but back in high school, I had a,um, major crush on you. 这里又有一个经典的词组,have a crush on sb.对某人一见钟情,Ross 在这里加上了major,意思是非常喜欢的意思,呵呵,赶紧学会了去对喜欢的人讲吧。终于写完101 的了,虽然写的不好,可还是花了几个钟头,真累阿!--------------关于上述笔记的讨论(enrollee)4. "have some hormones"我理解的意思是:to be manly,有点骨气,等等。翻译的字幕里说“别觉得丢人,你单身,有性需求”,觉得与joey 说话时的口气不符。5. turn sb on: 往往有make sb sexually excited 的意思,不是一般的兴奋。 记得就在本论坛里,好象有人提起过。6. get screwed: 是受骗了的意思,但强调钱财方面,即“被别人以不正当的手段骗取钱财”。9. it sucks = it is very bad. 根据上下文这儿可译成:(尽管)这个世界很恶心。10. if you are a crush on someone, you are in love with them but do not have a relationship with them. 这儿ROSS 说他是a crush on RACH, 意思是他“曾暗恋过”RACH,往往有一种事过境迁后的自嘲味道在里面, 说“一见钟情”是不太准确的。如果你现在对你喜欢的人说“i have a crush on you”,嘿嘿,说不定他/她会理解成:“噢,原来你曾经一度呆傻般地迷恋上俺,不过现在已经不把俺当回事了。”1. while you're on a roll, if you feel like you gotta make like a Western omelet or something...on a roll:顺便,一次连着做什么事情。我有不同的意见,on a roll 的准确意思是做事情很成功的意思,这里是joey 在说rach 所做的coffee。2. I was laughed out of twelve interviews today. 这里laughed out oflaughed out of : 是Rachel 面试表现太差,太出糗,被轰笑出了面试官的办公室。---------enrollee’s刚才一边看juliaqiu 整理的antique 的101 笔记,一边就开始吹毛求疵地跟贴。跟了几个后又觉得自己的行为不好,应该鼓励这种分享行为,所以赶紧看看101 的剧本,补充几个自己体会,欢迎大家批判。1. Joey: Listen, while you're on a roll, if you feel like you gotta make like a Western omelet or something...(Joey and Chandler taste the coffee, grimace, and pour it into a plant pot.) Although actually I'm really notthat hungry...on a roll: undergoing or experiencing sustained, even increasing good fortune or success (手风较顺)另外这个western omelet(西式煎蛋)很棒,是用火腿片、切碎的青椒、洋葱片撒在摊开的蛋上,用平底锅放在小火上烤出来的,我还喜欢在蛋里撒些cheese 丝儿,哈哈,不能说了,我开始滴口水了。2.Paul: Ever since she walked out on me, I, uh...Monica: What?..... What, you wanna spell it out with noodles?walk out on someone: 将someone 抛弃spell it out: explain it3.Paul: No, I'm telling you last night was like umm, all my birthdays, both graduations, plus the barnraising scene in Witness.barn raising: 村里的一种庆典,当一家人要建个新农屋时,邻居们也一起过来帮忙凑热闹,场面很喜庆。4.Monica: Well, that's it (To Ross) You gonna crash on the couch?Ross: No. No, I gotta go home sometime.crash: 动词,临时在哪儿凑合一觉。5.Monica: (entering, to herself) Oh good, Lenny and Squigy are here.All: Morning. Good morning.Lenny and Squigy: 连续剧Laverne and Shirley 里的两个角色,但没看过这片子,所以这两个角色有什么特别的地方也不清楚,不知哪位能解释一下。5.‘Lenny and Squigy: 连续剧Laverne and Shirley 里的两个角色,但没看过这片子,所以这两个角色有什么特别的地方也不清楚,只知道她们是很好的朋友,室友,工友(在一家酿酒厂做封瓶盖的工作).6.Joey: (sitting on the arm of the couch)Of course it was a line!Monica: Why?! Why? Why, why would anybody do something like that?line: 谎言。老美最讨厌的就是liar。line 有“台词”的意思,在加上这句话是joey 说的,他是个演员,所以我认为这里的line 是台词的意思,而不是谎言。@_@,谢谢细心的ttjzh。I am with you there!Friends 的编剧文字功底醇厚,用词也常常叫人拍案叫绝。这里的line 就是一例。不仅复合joey 的“actor”身份,词本身用在这里也是恰到好处。Line 一词也可作为俚语解释,字意为:“one's usual way of talking, esp when being persuasive orself-aggrandizing”,这不正是"the wine guy" Paul 的狐狸真面目(as ross said, to get women to go to bedby acting patheticly)?lavanew 的回答:关于of course it's a line 的补充A line is a phrase tend to say to several people. It's a phrase designed to get what they want. Sometimespeople have a line they use to get girls and it's called a "pick-up line." people also have lines they mightuse if they are businessmen and want you to buy something. it's not always a lie but it's almost alwayssome exaggeration.sudan1974 的回答:About LINE今天读Erich Segal 的小说Man, Woman and Child 外研社’88 年版时,在119 页遇到这个词在相同情形下的用法。In a restaurantGavin: … And I hope you’ll accept my invitation for nightcap, without any superfluous qualms.Sheila: No, really, I can’t. My friends are expecting me.Gavin: The Hotel is midway between there and here.His Hotel. What a line! Did he ever actually succeed with it? Of course he did. …… (Sheila)注释为:What a line! 手法真不高明!line 指为达到某种目的而采取的手段或花言巧语。 可以参考。-------1.this is a Dear Diary moment西方人写日记一开头总爱写Dear Diary,......Dear Diary moment 也许是讲这个时刻不同寻常,有重要意义,值得写进日记的意思吧这是一个值得纪念的日子/时刻”的意思。2.Mento 是什么其实这里的Mento 是指Mentos(曼妥斯)这种糖,这句话意思是Chandler 和Joey 与女孩的的关系从来没超过嚼一颗Mentos 的时间.在>我与老友一起傻笑<一书中有提到Here Chandler made a comparison of the longevity of his and Joey's relationship to the lasting ofMento,emphasizing the shortness of their relationship with other girls,which acts kinda as a comfort toRoss.3.drifted apart-- 感情疏远4.stirp joint,脱衣舞酒吧,joint=place 通常指不那么高雅的地方5.Sounds like a date to me 听起来就同我的约会一样6.De-caff 是不含咖啡因的咖啡。当时rach 进来的时候很激动,mon 就让咖啡店的小姐给她一杯这样的咖啡,免得她更激动。7.sobbing 哭泣8.Lincoln High 指Lincoln High School. 能活着离开学校当然是surviors 了9.or are we waiting for four wet bridesmaids再过一会儿就会有四个被淋湿的伴娘来找Rachel. Monica 拿这个来开玩笑。10.Turn out 就是事情结果是什么什么11.Have some hormones!可以理解为“你要有点男人的样子!”12.turn on 在美国如果不是指打开什么东西时,一般都指引起人的性兴奋。他们讲这些很随便,所以经常出现。13.freak out 很常用,就是吓坏了14.You can see where he'd have trouble.Apparently, we can tell that Rach's dad made fun of Rach's metaphor by saying "buy her a hat", andpretended that he didn't know what Rach was talking about. But what's even worse is that Rach didn't gether dad's little trick either.So she yelled at the phone that "It's a metaphor,Daddy!". Once she realized howrude and unladily she was just now, her eyes met with Ross's, which made Ross rather embarrassing. Sohe ended up saying that "You can see where he'd have trouble." That means "you can seemisunderstanding your metaphor is where he'd have trouble to communicate with you smoothly.15.Buzz him in buzz 就是按楼洞防盗门时发出的声音,这样用法又简单,又形象16.Well, I guess we've established who's staying here with Monica.Monica has no idea why Rachel said that. But she can't just abandon Rach at this critical time, so when herfriends turned to her for a verification, she can't think of nothing to say except that:"Well, it seems to Rachel that I have already agreed on the whole moving in thing( that is established anagreement on her moving in), although I have nothing to do with it!!(Don't look at me in this weird way,guys!)"17.hang out here,呆在这朋友之间相处,象FRIENDS 他们一起喝咖啡,在MON 家聊天之类的,都是hang out像这样的词组就是所谓的,外国人不认为是俚语的俚语,它们非常通俗,老外每天都在说,而我们在字典上却查不到确切含义,因此,看FRIENDS 是很有帮助的。18.it' been kinda a long day,完成时态,因为RACH 又逃婚,有被老爸骂,这一天过得很痛苦,所以也就很漫长。19.Billy,Don't Be A Hero 是一首70年代的老歌,描写的是越战中,一个女孩希望自己的fiance Billy 平安归来,don't be a hero in the war,但最后Billy 还是在战争中失去了他年青的生命.20.shoe 就是鞋子的意思。下文 "it's a metaphor",是个比喻!Rachel 喜欢购物嘛,所以把服饰比喻成人的理想,别人告诉rachel 要成为一只鞋,rachel 自己想做个"purse"以鞋喻人生,职业、前途或者某一类人。老爸老妈希望Rachel 成为某一种人,Rachel 自己却另有想法。只不过Rachel 想不到用什么比喻,所以用自己最喜欢的服饰作比喻。Rachel 喜欢逛街购物嘛.Shoe 和Purse都是ladies 的最爱shoe 是指要成双配对的生活,因为shoes 是2 只一起的,一只shoe 永远需要另外一只purse 就是独立的,自己可以生存的, 不需要配对的21.Oh...see... but Joanne loved Chachi! That's the difference!What Rachel said is funny is because Rachel here was sarcastic about her running away from altar.Shewas deeply moved by the true love between Joanne and Chachi which leads to a successful holymatrimony,while she and Barry had almost everything but love and that results in her disappointment intheir matrimony.So she felt right to have escaped from a doomed marrige with a person she would neverlove.22.I'm in Las Vegas... I'm Liza Minelli-Liza Minelli--- A famous singer used to be a duet-mate of Pavarotti.23.Chandler: If can invade Poland, there isn't anything I can't do.Rachel previously said if she could make coffee on her own,there wasn't anything she couldn't do.Chandler is a person of sarcasm,he just quoted what Rachel said to be ironic.Moreover,Hitler invaded Poland with the intent of conquering the whole world.The metaphor used heremakes the line much funnier.24.gravy boatAn elongated, boat-shaped pitcher used to serve gravy. A gravy boat usually sits on a matching plate,which is used to catch gravy drips. Sometimes the plate is permanently attached to the pitcher. Amatching ladle often accompanies a gravy boat. Also called sauce boat.中文字典上解释为船行卤肉盘25.sweet'n'low 低脂糖26.Rachel 逃婚之后就不得不面对后果了(face the music), 她的老爸很生气,在电话里威胁说要经济制裁她,Rachel 一时嘴硬说:"Well, maybe I don't need your money." 等她老爸真的把电话挂了之后,她又忙不迭地对着电话叫道:"Wait!! Wait, I said maybe!"事已至此她只能借住在Monica 的家里了。在这些事发生之前,Rachel 可是一直靠在她那有钱的老爸身上的,所以Monica 才说:”哎,这可能是件好事呢,你想啊,这样你就能独立生活了。” be for the best 是一个极其口语化的表达法,表示某件事情可能并不像看上去那么糟,也颇有点良药虽苦,其利于病的意思,比如:I know it's hard for you to leave him,but it's for the best.接着号称情圣的Joey 也跑来向Rachel 表示:"嗨,如果你需要什么尽管来找我好了。" 实际上Joey 和另一个"老友" Chandler 就住在Monica 的对门:Me and Chandler live right across the hall. 按语法讲,Joey应该说 Chandler and I…但在口语中用me 也是可以接受的,而且Joey 为了突出自己而把Me 放到了Chandler 前面,然后还很暧昧地加了一句"他经常不在家 (And he’s away lot)"。Monica 很了解Joey, 教训他说:"你别挑逗她了 (stop hitting on her),今天可是她的结婚之日。" 在上一篇当中我们也讲到过hit 这个字,它可以用来表示realize, 而这里的hit on someone 的意思是"和某人调情,或挑逗某人", 相当于flirt with someone, 其它类似的表达法还有:to make a pass at someone 和 to comeon to someone, 例如:"Did you see the way Brian came on to Sally at the office party?""Oh, Brian has made a pass at every girl in the office.""I know, but he hit on Sally particularly hard."到底是情圣啊! 最后Joey 脸不红心不跳地回了一句:"怎么啦?难道还有什么明文规定不成?(What, likethere's a rule or something?)。"Hit on sb. /come on to sb./pass at sb./crash on sb.与flirt with sb.是有区别的。前者指的是对某人有意思,有好感(情感上或“生理”上),不一定(只是不一定要付诸行动,即“被某人所吸引”,而后者则应包括付诸行动,比如我们常说的“上前搭讪,引人注意,挑逗,调情”。当然具体到实际生活中两种情况有可能交叉,比如上文中翻译的“你别挑逗她了 ”就包含了这两种意思,非常准确。另外What, like there's a rule or something?似乎该理解为:难道有什么规定(在这种情况下禁止我追求她)么?have the hots for someonebe stuck on someonehave one's cap set for someonefall for27.this man says "hello", I will kill myselfRoss 因为情绪低落故沉默少语,现在说出个“hi",表情极为痛苦,还不如不说。Joey 的意思即是“我真想自杀。”他用此话来表达自己的一种情绪。Ross 说Hello 的语调垂头丧气得好像It's the end of the world.让人郁闷得不行,所以Joey 调侃说This mansays" hello",I would kill myself.I guess this section of conversation is open to various interpretations,as long as it makes you laugh,that'sall,don't take it too seriously!---------1.Rachel:Ohh,I was kinda hoping that wouldn't be an issue……这句的意思是“我希望这件事不是个问题”, hoping 就是希望, kinda 是kind of 的缩写, 就是有一点的意思, 在很多话比如你问的这一举里面是添加一点谦虚语气的说法,有点那种“给我留些面子”的意思,要多于到就会理解,另外,比如简单的意思:he's kinds cool. 他有点酷2.Joey:Here's a little tip,she really likes it when you rub her neck in the same spot over and over and overagain until it starts to get a little red.我给你一点小建议, 她真得喜欢有人在她的脖子上面一个地方反复反复再反复的擦直到有一点红。tip 是建议, 还可以用suggestion, hint 等, suggestion 正式, hint 跟tip 都比较随意, tip 还有小费的意思, 名词和动词tip me some tip 就是说我回答你的问题你可以给我一点消费, tip 最基本的意思就是什么东西的尖儿了, finger tip 指尖3.Ross:This was Carol;s favorite beer,She always drank it out of the can,I should have known.out of 是说从易拉罐里喝吧,没什么特别的4.Pual:Ooh,steer chear of you.那可不能惹你呀5.Chandler:stay out of my freezer!horny 是有性欲了, 所以chandler 不让ross 靠近他的冰箱. 呵呵,明白了吧,不好意思说下去了。冰箱有食物,冰箱还能降温。6.Rachel:I can see that.You look like you slept with a hanger in your mouth.因为monica 笑个不停,和不上嘴,rachel 就说她好像嘴里有一个衣架把嘴撑住了, hanger 是衣架7.Ross:I just grabbed a spoon.因为joey 把女人比喻成冰激凌嘛,他让ross 拿起勺子去尝冰激淋,就是比喻他去找新目标了8.go for 选择9.Change 换衣服10.Ross: You know what the scariest part is? What if there's only one woman for everybody, y'know? Imean what if you get one woman- and that's it? Unfortunately in my case, there was only one woman- forher...你们知道最可怕的是什么?要是每个人只能有一个女人?我是说,要是你找到一个女人(做另一半)-然后就不能在找了?不幸的是,我这件事里,那个一个女人是给“她”准备的..11.when you were what 8 ?是8 岁的意思??13. regional work 他指范围比较小的表演,也不会上电视什么的14. Are you in trouble 又有很棒的sex,又有feelings,必然心情异常激动,所以rach 说:你还能挺住吗?15. I think we are getting a little ahead of selves here 我想我们现在讨论这个(婚纱的问题)有点太早了16. what for 和for what 都可以吧,口语上不用讲就太多语法17.I'm pushing my Aunt Roz through Parrot Jungle就是字面上的意思,上文不是说Frannie 刚去了Florida 吗,可以理解为“你真讨厌,当我死命的把Aunt Roz推出鹦鹉丛林的时候,你却在和别人having sex!”18.There's an image。 butt 是屁股,ross 讽刺joey,说他比喻的形象19. Lamauge gravy boat lamauge 应该是牌子或生产地20.the pilot:美国电视剧新剧开播都会有一个试播来测试观众对新剧的接受程度,以此来决定是否再继续播下去,也可以说是一个开端,第一集the uncut version 就是未删节版21.I take credit for Paul. 我给Paul 打保票22.there was no snap in his turtle for two years.The "snap in his turtle" refers to sexual performance, it's kind of a "clean" way of saying a vulgar idea (alsoknown as a euphemism). A man who has no snap in his turtle is impotent; or, unable to have an erection.I do have an idea on how it was created. "Snap," of course, has many meanings, but most of them haveto do with making a quick, sudden movement (or sound), often of a closing or biting nature. In NorthAmerica, there is an animal known as a "snapping turtle," which is a type of turtle that is known to bite (or"snap") humans and other animals. From what I have heard, if one of those things bites you, it hurts a lot.Now, if one of these turtles can't snap, then there's not so much to fear--if they can't bite you, they can'thurt you. A snapping turtle with no (abilty to) snap, then, is powerless, and from there the slang wascreated. The word "impotent," aside from its sexual definition, also means "without power."In the case of "Friends," they decided to use the word "turtle" in this way, and so a turtle without "snap"is understood by Franny and Monica to mean a man without (sexual) power or capability.23.Stop cleansing my auraaura :a distinctive atmosphere surrounding a given source, ex: >the place had an aura of mystery<当时的场景是Ross 进来跟大家诉说他的不幸婚姻,倒了霉运的他周身象是鬼神附身一般。Phoebe 这人第一喜欢帮助人,第二她总是神叨叨的,大家还记得有一集里她看到一只猫,就说是她死去的妈吗?于是Phoebe 想帮Ross 把霉运赶走,PhD Ross 自然是反对封建迷信的,就对Phoebe 说,意思是你别烦我了,省省吧。24.brackety thing,whim guy,worm guybracket thing 是组装家具的支架之类的东西whim 是一种类似起锚器或绞盘的东西,用于把比较重的物品提起来worm guy 是指代螺丝钉,因为螺丝钉上的纹路与worm 很相似25.Rachel 说度蜜月到Aruba,为什么Ross 提到 Big lizards当Rach 提到本想去Aruba 时,Ross 原本想说Rach 不能去渡蜜月是太遗憾了,但突然意识到不应该说这些,急忙改口找些其他话题而提到Big lizards,并不是Ross 对生物感兴趣。我认为到底Aruba 有没有Biglizards 无关紧要,只是Ross 转换话题的一个借口而已26.There's Rocky Road, and Cookie Dough, and Bing! Cherry Vanilla. You could get 'em with Jimmies, ornuts, or whipped cream!jimmies 是一种经常撒在ice cream 上的巧克力味的小糖果棒。bing 就是一个拟声词。27.in bound of holy matrimony,就是结为夫妇,在神圣婚姻的约束,范围内


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