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单词: 8.26 - 8.29

技术2022-05-11  3

dismay 不(dis)+可能(may)=>v.气馁

cu

dispose v. 使愿意;除掉, 处理, 解决; 布置

dispose of = get rid of

e.g. The low salary did not dispose him to accept the job.

disposal, disposable

disposed 愿意的

disposition 部署

 

dispute 不(dis)+put(思考,compute,计算)=>v.n. 争论,纠纷

e.g. After a long dispute, he at last made a concession to me.

 

disseminate 分开(dis)+semin(种子)+ate=>散布; == spread

 

distort, distorted, distortion

distort  v. 扭曲 ~= contort v. 扭弯,扭曲

e.g. The reporter distorted the facts.

e.g. Her face contorted with the pain.

retort n.v. 反驳,回嘴

 

documentary

dormant

lie dormant

 

drain d+rain(雨)=>雨水流走=>n.v. 排水

drift, drift wood, continental drift

drill v.n. 钻孔,打眼

drought n.干旱

 

dubious ~= doubtful, questionable, uncertain   du- 两,双

be dubious about sth.

 

dwarf n.侏儒  dwarf star n.矮星

 

 

dwell, dwelling 

e.g. Friend is one soul dwelling in two bodies.

 

eccentric n. 怪人 a. 古怪的

 

sym. evasive, elusive, subtle

 

elude v. 逃避

elusive a. 难懂的, 易忘的

elusion n. 逃避

e.g. She tried to remember her face, but it eluded her.

 

evade v. 躲避

evasive a. 逃避的

evasion n. 逃避,藉口

 

illusive 

illusion

 

embellish em+bell(美丽)+ish(使)=>使...美丽=>修饰

sym. embellish, adorn, decorate, exaggerate, embroider

 

embroider v. 刺绣 to decorate with needle work

 

emblem n. 象征,徽章

sym. badge, mark, sign, symbol, token

 

embrace n. v.

e.g. A fond embrace 

He enfolded the child in an affectionate embrace

She eagerly embraced the offer of a trip to Europe

 

emerge, emergence 

emergency

 

eminent, preeminent, prominent

imminent ~= impending

 

emit, emission, emissive,  emissivity

e.g. The cheese was emitting a strong smell

emissive material, emissive source

 

emphasize, emphasis

 

enact, enactment sym. legislate ant. rescission

e.g. It's not necessary to legislate against gambling.

rescission of a contract

 

scissors n. 剪刀

scission n. 切断

rescission n.  废除

 

encase v. to enclose in or as if in a case

enclose 

disclose v. 揭露

encompass v. to form a circle about; envelop; include; bring about/ accomplish

compass 

v. 围绕;  图谋; 达到(=encompass) 

n. 范围;圆规;罗盘

exclude 

e.g.

I enclose a  cheque/ticket/photograph with this letter.

His repertoire encompassed everything from Bach to Schoenberg.

 

encroach v. 蚕食,入侵;侵犯 to enter by gradual steps 

sym. break in, intrude, infringe, trespass, incursion

crochet n. (用钩针编织的)织物 v. 用钩针编织

 

endow v. 资助,赠与, 赋予,给予...天赋

endowment n. 捐助,才能,天赋

dowry n. 嫁妆,天赋

 

endure, enduring, endurance, durable

engrave, engraving v.n. 刻上,铭记, 雕刻

graver n. 雕刻师,雕刻刀

grave n. 墓穴

sym. inscribe, carve

 

engulf v. 卷入,投入深渊 to flow over and enclose

sym. overwhelm, devour, swallow, flood, inundate

und- 波浪

inundate v. (由于洪水泛滥)淹没 to cover with a flood; overwhelm

undulate v. 使起伏, 使波动; 波动, 呈波浪形, 起伏

e.g.

be inundated with enquiries/phone calls

Fields of wheat are undulating in the breeze. 

 

enroll, be enrolled in some course, enroll for sth., enroll sb's s name in a registry

entail n. 限定继承权 v. 使必需; 使承担; 使蒙受

entitle v. 给…权利或资格(做某事);给…题名. to give a title to; to furnish with proper grounds for seeking/claiming  something

envelop 

envelope

 

enzyme n. 酵素;酶

enzyme: catalyst = bacterium:microbe

 

epidemic a.n.

sym. catching, contagious, infectious, widespread, prevalent 

 

episode n. (小说、人生、戏剧中独立的一部分)片段;插曲

e.g. For in men, as a rule, love is but an episode. (What a crap!)

 

epitomize 

epitome ept(在...后)+tome(一卷书)

 

erect

 

erode v. 腐蚀;侵蚀

erosion

corrode v. 腐蚀(usually by chemical action)

rodent n. 啮齿动物

 

errand n. 差事

 

estate, real estate

 

ethics

ethnic

 

evacuation

evaporate

excavate

 

evoke, provode, revoke

 

exalted

 

curs- 跑

cursive a. 连接的; 草书体的; 草书的

excursion

incursion

retreat

precursion

 

example

exemplary

 

exempt e.g. You're not exempt from the rules.

 

exhilarate v. to make cheerful or excited; refresh; stimulate

exhilarating 

 

sym. exotic, foreign, alien

exotic a. 外来的, 奇异的

ant. endemic, indigenous, mundane

endemic en(进入)+dem(人民)+ic=>进入人民之内的=>地方的

indigenous in(在)+di(地)+gen(产生)+ous=>土产的,本地的;内在的;固有的

mundane a. 现世的,世俗的,普通的 ant. heavenly

 

expand in size

expanding, expansion

 

expedition

 

expend

expense

expensive

 

exponent sym. proponent, advocator, friend

exponential 

oppenent sym. adversary, combatant, competitor, contender, enemy, rival, foe

 

expel, impel, compel, repel, dispel

 

expertise

 

expire, aspire(aspire to become a great general), perspire(sweat)

 

exterior, interior

external, internal

extrovert, introvert

 

extol v. to praise highly, glorify

 

extravagant a. 奢侈的, 浪费的

extravagance

sym. exaggerated, excessive, extreme,  luxurious

ant. economical, frugal, thrifty

 

exuberant ex(出)+uber(=udder乳房,引申为果实)+ant=>繁茂的

udder n. (母牛,母山羊的)乳房,乳腺

 

fabric 

fabricate

 

facade n. 建筑的正面;不真实的表面,表象

 

facilitate v.(不以人作主语的)使容易;帮助

 

Fahrenheit

 

fatigue n.v.

e.g. metal fatigue

the fatigue of a long hike

I am utterly fatigued. 

 

a leaky faucet

fauces

 

fauna n. 动物群

flora n. 植物群

flock n. 鸟群,羊群

herd n. 兽群;牧群

 

feasible

feat

 

feeble

syn. weak, inadequate, faint, inferior(syn. secondary, ant. superior)

ant. hardy, intense, tough

 

ferment  v. ferm(=ferv热)+ent=>生热=>发酵

fermenter n.

fermentation n.

 

fertile, fertility, infertile, fertilize(受精,施肥)

 

feudal a. 封建的

feudality

feudalism

feudalistic a. 封建主义的

 

 


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